What the Race to the South Pole Can Teach You About How to Achieve Your Goals

by Brett & Kate McKay on April 22, 2012 · 43 comments

in A Man's Life, Personal Development

In 1910, two explorers began their quests to become the first men to ever set foot upon the southernmost point on earth.

It was the “Heroic Age of Antarctic Exploration,” and the South Pole represented one of the last unexplored areas on earth. Robert Falcon Scott hoped to claim the bottom of the world for England; Roald Amundsen wished to plant the Norwegian flag there on behalf of his countrymen.

Despite their common goal, the two adventurers’ approaches to their expeditions were quite different—as were the end results. Amundsen reached the South Pole first and returned home on a trip that was relatively smooth and straightforward. Scott arrived at 90 Degrees South only to experience the crushing disappointment of seeing one of Amundsen’s flags flapping in the wind. He would never make it back; he and his four companions died of starvation, exhaustion, and exposure as they attempted to make the 700 mile return trip to their base camp.

Some have painted the differences between the men and their respective expeditions too simplistically: Amundsen as the brilliant leader, Scott as an utterly incompetent boob. In truth, both men had strengths and flaws, and both men made mistakes. And there is much merit in a struggle, even if it ends in tragedy (see the story of Nick Piantanida), and I personally greatly admire Scott’s courage and character and his stoicism when facing death.

Make no mistake about it: Scott and his men had heart and hardihood in spades. But Amundsen was the superior tactician.

The outcome of any endeavor is decided by the weights of a scale–on one side lies fate/risk/circumstance and on the other, preparations/tactics/heart. The adventurer cannot know exactly how much will be loaded on the luck side of the scale when he sets out, but he can overload the other side as much as possible, in hopes of tipping the chances in his favor. This is what Amundsen did, and how he did it reveals a number of strikingly clear insights into how we too can reach our goals.

Pioneer Your Own Path

Amundsen's route had never before been taken, but it put his starting point 60 miles closer to the Pole than Scott's.

Scott patterned much of his trek after the Nimrod expedition Ernest Shackleton had undertaken in 1907, in which he had come within 112 miles of reaching the Pole (but had also nearly died of starvation on the way back). Scott chose to set up his base camp at McMurdo Sound, just as the Nimrod and Scott’s own previous Discovery expedition had done, and he followed the same route to the Pole Shackleton had taken. Scott carried a record of the Nimrod expedition throughout his own march and checked his progress every evening against that of his predecessor.

Amundsen, on the other hand, made his base camp at the Bay of Whales, setting up his winter quarters on the edge of the Great Ice Barrier. No explorer had camped at that spot previously, for it was feared that the ice could fracture and send you floating away on a berg. But Amundsen had studied the records of past explorers who had been in the area, and saw that their descriptions of the ice had remained unchanged for decades, which Amundsen believed pointed to the area’s stability. Amundsen felt that camping there was a risk worth taking, for it positioned his starting point 60 miles closer to the Pole than Scott’s, which meant a total savings of 120 miles round trip. From the Barrier, Amundsen pioneered a route no man had trod before, and he took the straightest path possible to the Pole, traveling along a line of longitude. He had no idea what kind of terrain he’d face en route to his goal, but he was prepared to go up and over it.

As Scott trudged to the Pole, he found reason to hope that he might arrive there first, for he saw no sledge tracks or footprints along the way, and he assumed Amundsen would be using the same established path. What he did not know was that the Norwegian was on an entirely different course 500 miles to the west and already hundreds of miles ahead.

Focus on One Goal at a Time

As you may remember from our discussion on willpower, picking one goal to focus on at a time is one of the most effective ways of conserving this vital inner fuel and ensuring you have enough energy and motivation to achieve your aim. Not only that, but psychologists tell us that when you work on more than one goal, and those goals conflict with each other, your willpower gets sapped even more.

Amundsen had one goal, and one goal only: to be the first to reach the South Pole.

Dr. Edward Atkinson, part of Scott's scientific team. The scientific prong of Scott's mission made their expedition more complicated, while Amundsen was able to focus all of his energy and efforts on being the first to reach the Pole.

Scott’s expedition, on the other hand, had dual purposes: to get to the Pole first and to gather scientific information about the Antarctic. These goals were at times in conflict; to reach the Pole first, time was of the essence, while scientific work and surveying required slowing down and making careful observations. At one point during Scott’s return trip from the Pole, he and his four companions had just five days of food left, with the next depot–a pre-laid cache of food and supplies–about five days away. The margin between the men and starvation was thin, and weather conditions were ideal for making up time, but Scott decided instead to stop and take geological samples–gathering 30 stones, adding 35 pounds to the sledges, and requiring 7-8 miles of work that did not get the team any closer to the life-saving food waiting at the next depot.

Scott’s desire to advance scientific knowledge was quite noble and very earnest, and the information and samples he gathered later proved to be useful to researchers. And that is of course what makes concentrating on one goal at a time so difficult; our other goals are worthy ones too, and we want to tackle everything at once; it’s hard to feel like you’re ignoring something that should be done. But it would have been better for Scott, and for us, to check off one thing before moving on to another; Scott was already planning on going out towards the Pole again once he returned from his first trip anyway; that trip could have focused exclusively on scientific work, leaving the initial expedition to be run purely as a race.

While Scott’s team took nearly 2,000 photographs, Amundsen's took only ten--and these only once they'd reached the Pole.

Amundsen’s only scientific work involved making and recording daily meteorological observations at his base camp. But he didn’t do any at night, which greatly diminished the value of even this small contribution. But Amundsen understood the importance of channeling all of one’s energy into a single aim, saying:

“Our plan is one, one and again one alone–to reach the pole. For that goal, I have decided to throw everything else aside. We shall do what we can without colliding with this plan. If we were to have a night watch, we would have a light burning the whole time. In one room, as we have, this would be worrying for most of us, and make us weak. What concerns me is that we all live properly in all respects during the winter. Sleep and eat well, so that we have full strength and are in good spirits when spring arrives to fight towards the goal which we must attain at any cost.”

Work Smarter, Not Harder

Scott's men man-hauling a sledge.

One of the biggest differences between the Scott and Amundsen expeditions were the forms of transportation each man chose for their journeys.

Scott gave himself four different options for transportation: ponies, dogs, motor sledges (primitive snowmobiles), and man-hauling. The motor sledges—which hadn’t been tested in Arctic-like conditions—quickly broke down. The ponies were ill-suited to the climate and the terrain—there’s no naturally growing vegetation to feed them, they sweat through their hides, which creates sheets of ice on their bodies, and with heavy torsos and slender legs, they sink deep into the snow with every step. Thus the ponies made slow and painful process and had to all be put down.

Ponies can haul heavier loads than dogs, but are ill-suited to Arctic conditions. They're vulnerable to the cold, which meant Scott's men had to build, with great effort, walls of snow (seen here behind the ponies) each evening to protect the animals from the freezing wind.

The dogs performed gamely, but Scott did not feel they were reliable or well-suited for the crevasse-pocked terrain he would be crossing, and he sent them back to camp once he had traveled halfway to the Pole. That left three-fourths of the journey there and back to be completed through man-hauling—getting into a harness and pulling 200 pound sledges, step by step (sometimes on skis), through the snow and ice for more than 1,000 miles and a rise of 10,000 feet.

This is what Shackleton had done on his expedition, and he and other British explorers believed that man-hauling was the best—and the most noble–way to go.

But among Nordic peoples, the advantages of using dogs as much as possible was clear. The wisdom in selecting dogs was confirmed to Amundsen during one of his previous expeditions, when he had stopped to learn as much about survival in Arctic conditions as possible from those who knew the landscape most intimately: the Inuit.

The logistics of Scott's expedition were complex; he started out with 16 men, 23 dogs, 10 ponies, 13 sledges, and 2 motor sledges. Since the different forms of transport varied in speed, they had to each start out at different times from the camps, so that they'd all arrive near the same time at the next camp. The party was slowly winnowed down to the five men who man-hauled the rest of the way to the Pole. In contrast, Amundsen's expedition was very simple: 5 men and dogs all the way there, and all the way back.

Dogs were low maintenance haulers—they could be fed a variety of foods (including each other), and they kept themselves warm by digging holes to crawl inside. They also made great companions—breaking up the morale-sapping monotony of trudging through freezing wind and bleak, faceless terrain with the same four other guys for 1500 miles. And of course they were quick and fast, scampering over the snow and taking the burden of hauling off the men; Scott often marched 9-10 hours a day, while Amundsen rarely went more than 5-6, and yet in that shorter amount of time, he would sometimes cover twice the ground Scott had. Finally, because dogs can travel in colder conditions, they can run both earlier and later in the summer season than ponies, allowing Amundsen to start for the Pole two weeks before Scott—a huge advantage.

The British believed man-hauling was the most reliable way to travel in the Antarctic, and the purity of it made it a source of pride.

For the British, man-hauling was a source of pride, a test of manhood—they liked the purity of it, the struggle between man and nature; Scott and his men actually looked forward to turning back the dogs and getting into the harnesses for the push to the Pole. Scott wrote:

“In my mind no journey ever made with dogs can approach the height of that fine conception which is realised when a party of men go forth to face hardships, dangers, and difficulties with their own unaided efforts…Surely in this case the conquest is more nobly and splendidly won.”

I do admire something of that attitude myself. But while all struggles require some effort and grit, the most painful way, does not always equal the best way.

Successful Men Make Their Own Luck, or Failing to Prepare is Preparing to Fail

“I may say that this is the greatest factor—the way in which the expedition is equipped—the way in which every difficulty is foreseen, and precautions taken for meeting or avoiding it. Victory awaits him who has everything in order — luck, people call it. Defeat is certain for him who has neglected to take the necessary precautions in time; this is called bad luck.” -Roald Amundsen

Preparation. This is where the rubber really hit the road for Amundsen and Scott.

It’s not that Scott didn’t prepare. He did. But he based his preparations on the conditions he had experienced on his previous Discovery expedition and on those reported during Shackleton’s Nimrod expedition. He didn’t count on Antarctica being unpredictable, and left only a thin margin for error, a small buffer against accident or inclement weather. He didn’t prepare for the worst. And yet that was what he ended up facing—freezing temperatures that only come around every couple of decades or so and powerful blizzards.

Amundsen spent years planning his expedition and went over the details again and again.

For his part, Amundsen left nothing to chance. He designed his own goggles, skis, dog harnesses, and pemmican. For the members of his team he chose men who were good with their hands, and as they waited out the winter at their base camp in preparation for the start of the expedition, Amundsen expected them to work 9-5, six days a week honing their equipment and clothing, and getting all their plans and gear shipshape.

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Proof that sewing is manly. From Amundsen's diary: "Wisting is sitting in the Great Ice Barrier and sewing tents on his Singer -- in +14°...He is sewing new, light groundsheets in the tents. By these means, we will save several kilos."

Although Scott and Amundsen bought the same model of sledges, skilled Norwegian carpenter Olav Bjaaland worked in the winter to shave off 2/3 of the sledges' weight without compromising their sturdiness.

The men made a series of tunnels and snow caves and turned them into what Amundsen called, “just one big workshop,” in which they crafted two pairs of custom skis for each man (one pair for back-up), modified the skis’ bindings to be more efficient, created better designed and lighter tents (Amundsen’s tents could be put up with one pole; Scott’s required five), lightened the sledges, and sewed their clothing and remade their boots four times until they fit perfectly and wouldn’t chafe.

Scott's sledges were overloaded, unwieldy, and prone to tipping over. His supplies and containers had to be lashed on the sledge, and then every time they made camp, unlashed, removed, opened, and then relashed back on the sledge, eating up perhaps a half hour of their time each day.

Amundsen designed his boxes with lids built into the top like tea canisters; when the Norwegians pulled into camp, they could keep their boxes lashed on the sledges and just had to pop the lid off, grab what they needed, and put the top back in place—leaving more time for resting in their sleeping bags. A hack definitely worthy of Lifehacker - Antarctic Explorer Edition.

All of Amundsen’s equipment was field-tested at base camp and refined again and again. Amundsen saw all this tinkering and crafting as having two invaluable benefits: 1) the gear turned out much better than those mass-produced, and 2) having had a hand in making it, the men were much more confident in how the gear would perform out on the march.

The canisters of paraffin fuel that both men took on their expeditions were known to have leaking problems. Amundsen soldered the canisters shut, while Scott kept the standard leather washers. On their return from the Pole, Scott and his men were dismayed to reach their depots, only to discover that much of the paraffin had evaporated, forcing them to eat frozen food and leading to dehydration (they didn't have enough fuel to melt the snow). One of Amundsen's canisters was found in the snow 50 years later--still 100% full.

Scott’s men did refine their equipment somewhat during the winter, but spent a good deal of the time writing letters, playing sports, and attending evening lectures given by each other.

Amundsen brought the same attention to detail he had given his equipment to one of the most crucial parts of his preparation: the positioning of the depots on the way to and from the Pole. Because the men could not carry all the supplies and food they’d need for a 1500 mile journey on the sledges, depots were placed at intervals along the route before the actual expedition began. Amundsen had spent a year creating a depot-laying plan for the expedition, and still felt it had not been enough time. He laid out his depots with regularity, along each line of latitude, and packed them with ten times more food (and including 42,000 biscuits) than Scott’s. While Scott and his men died partially from starvation, Amundsen’s team actually gained weight on their return from the Pole.

Scott did plan, but he was unprepared for the unexpectedly cold temperatures he and his team would face, and their slower than expected progress.

Scott hatched his depot-laying plan once he landed at McMurdo Sound and gave his men just a week to divvy up the supplies and calculate how much to stash at each depot. The depots ended up containing enough food to sustain the men, but just barely. Man-hauling has been estimated to burn 7,000 calories a day, and even up to a 11,000 when pulling uphill. Yet each man’s rations provided just 4,500 calories a day, leaving them weakened and demoralized.

And since the depots contained just a little extra fuel and food beyond what the men would need if they arrived on schedule, even if the men needed rest or could not make much progress in the weather, they had to keep pushing on to make it to the next cache of supplies; they often arrived at each depot by the skin of their teeth, with only a half day of food and fuel left.

Because finding each depot was so vital, and because it can be easy to get off track in a wasteland of ice and snow, especially when thick fog and blizzards cut your visibility, Amundsen placed a line of ten black flags, spaced a half mile apart, on both sides of his depots. If the men got within a few miles of the depot, they would run into one of the flags, and each flag was marked with its distance to and direction from the next depot. Scott marked his depots was just a single flag.

But perhaps Scott’s greatest depot-laying mistake concerned the placement of “One Ton Depot.” During the depot-laying march before the main expedition began, the furthest depot was supposed to be laid at the 80th parallel. But the men were tired and the ponies were floundering, and Scott decided to drop the remaining supplies (2,200 lbs of them, or about one ton) right where they were, 37 miles shy of the target. This decision would prove fateful. On their return from the Pole, Scott and his hungry and exhausted men laid down to die just 12 miles from One Ton Depot. Had it been placed as originally planned, the men would have reached it, and perhaps have been saved.

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A Note on Sources-

Ironically, because of Amundsen detailed preparations, and an expedition that seemed more like a sporting ski tour than a high adventure, his accomplishment was eclipsed by Scott’s dramatic tale of racing against death and his and his men’s resulting martyrdom. Scott’s eloquent journal entries, filled with dignity as he met his demise, captured the world’s imagination, and Amundsen has at times been overlooked. There have been those who have sought to right what they perceive to be this unwarranted slight of a great man, by debunking any claims of heroism in Scott. The result is that the debate between Scott’s and Amundsen’s respective admirers has often been full of rancor.

All of which is to say, that if you’re interested in learning more about this story, it’s best to make sure you read a book on each side of the controversy. Roland Huntford’s Last Place on Earth(1979), if a popular one, and gives a great deal of detail, but is also enormously, even comically biased against Scott–truly, his need to assassinate Scott’s character on each and every page will make you laugh out loud. Ranulph Fiennes’ Captain Scott offers a good balance to Huntford’s perspective of Scott as a man who could do absolutely no right. Fiennes is a modern-day Polar explorer who has actually man-hauled across Antarctica himself, and he uses his firsthand experiences to offer explanations for some of Scott’s criticized decisions–although sometimes he tries too hard, and the explanations aren’t entirely convincing. At any rate, the bad news here is that to really get a full, balanced picture of the race to the South Pole, you need to read over 1,000 pages of text; the good news, however, is that it’s such a fascinating story that you’ll likely find yourself eager to do it, and, if you’re anything like us, become so engrossed in the subject that you end up seeking out even more articles and books to learn more. (We couldn’t fit all the interesting bits we discovered in this article, but they’ll surely crop up within future posts.)

PS-There are so many interesting lessons you can glean from comparing the two expeditions, that I am astonished that there hasn’t been a leadership/business management book written on that score yet. So take note, AoM’s would-be authors and adventure-lovers–there’s an idea that would make an awesome book proposal. Perhaps you could even retrace Scott’s steps, to add your own personal insights to the subject.

{ 43 comments… read them below or add one }

1 Jarie Bolander April 22, 2012 at 10:44 pm

The one South Pole explorer that I think eclipses all others is Sir Ernest Shackleton.

His tale of survival and endurance is a testament to all that is manly.

His dedication to ensuring that himself and his men survived the most harshest conditions really is what a true man would do.

He knew the dangers but was not reckless. He understood that his responsibility, first and foremost, was to his men.

Sure, Scott and Amundsen got in the record books but Shackleton brought all of his men home safe and alive.

2 Victor Pride April 22, 2012 at 10:59 pm

That was a mighty post.

I find Scott to be naive, but both men were pioneers and achievers.

I believe I have read somewhere that Amundsen also brought dogs as a food source for him and his men for when times got tight.

3 John Turner April 22, 2012 at 11:17 pm

I was working as an electrician in Antarctica a couple of years ago. Standing out on the ice, alone, nothing but white, is a humbling and sometimes frightening experience. Those were truly men of great fortitude.

4 Ken April 23, 2012 at 12:11 am

Great post. Looks like I have some more books to read

5 caleb April 23, 2012 at 12:13 am

Great post. Many people in my line of work tend to focus on having faith rather than preparing each step of the way. I always overprepare and usually have a good margin for error and actually use it sometimes. :)

6 Brent April 23, 2012 at 12:35 am

loved this post! Great read concerning admirable men.

7 Adam April 23, 2012 at 1:29 am

Awesome post. I learned a lot. Its time to set some goals!

8 Hayes April 23, 2012 at 1:45 am

I think one of the the most moving bits of Scott’s journey was when Captain Oats left the team. “I’m just going outside, and may be some time”. He was slowing them down and he knew it. he sacrificed himself for the team. I cannot fathom the strength it took him to say that a go. Pretty moving stuff.

9 siva April 23, 2012 at 4:48 am

No matter who did the expedition well, both had that thought to reach that part of earth, which no other had thought of ……That’s a Man thing for sure.

10 Tehme Melck April 23, 2012 at 6:40 am

Very interesting post! Nice reading for a Norwegian … We are indeed proud of Amundsen. Such a small country, such a big achievement. The viking spirit!

11 Even April 23, 2012 at 8:28 am

Regarding the one ton depot, when Scott decided to leave it 37 miles short of the target Lawrence Oates told him that he would regret it. The decision ended up costing both men their lives.

12 Robert Cox April 23, 2012 at 9:30 am

Inspiring, informative, and interesting.

13 Ramsey Abarca April 23, 2012 at 9:40 am

You are right: the Scott/Amundsen race contains many lessons applicable in many spheres. FYI the researcher Jim Collins prominently features a Scott/Amundsen comparison in Chapter 2 of his excellent business book “Great by Choice,” touching on similar points to you.

14 Native Sone April 23, 2012 at 9:49 am

An excellent essay, but it overlooks a some background essential to understanding the differences between the two men and their expeditions.
First, and foremost, Scott was a serving RoyalNavy Officer, and as such was thoroughly indoctrinated with the 19th Century RN belief that there was nothing a British Naval Officer couldn’t do, once he’d received his orders. “CAN DO!” with a vengeance, no matter how much evidence is against the proposition. The best evidence for this assertion is the difference between the polar expeditions of Scott, Amundsen, and Shackleton. Each expedition had as a goal being first to the South Pole. Amundsen planned a trip where everything else was secondary to getting there and getting back, alive and healthy. Shackleton abandoned reaching the Pole when he realized his team would die if they didn’t turn back NOW. Scott acted like he had a checklist, to be accomplished, no matter what.
Second, the British expedition was largely composed of gentlemen, British gentlemen. Admundsen had working stiffs – multi-talented craftsmen who were also outdoorsmen – quite unlike the “huntin’, shootin’, ridin’ gentlemen” of Scott’s expedition.
Last, although the multiple goals of Scott’s expedition were noted, Scott was also burdened with a highly politicized support system, with each organization having highly detailed and specific goals for the expedition. And until the word got out that the upstart Norwegian had “dashed to the Pole”, the scientific goals of the expedition were considered just as important as gaining 90 South. In fact, not being first to the Pole obviously influenced Scott’s decision making on the return trip, causing the “unneeded” delays. Before the trip, Amundsen was able tospend his time between fund raising and refining his plan and analyzing his requirements. Scott had to first spend a lot of time politicking to not only be allowed to make the expedition, but to sell himself as the leader. That, combined with the necessity to satisfy multiple, possibly mutually exclusive goals on a single trip, forced Scott to give short shrift to the detailed plannning, especially contingency planning, the very risky expedition required.
And lastly, since one of the major sponsors of Scott’s expedition had funded or participated in numerous high latitude expeditions throughout the 19th century, Scott actually had and used the equivalent of a AAA Tour Guide to Antarctica, which was not as all inclusive as itappeared.

15 Daniel April 23, 2012 at 10:00 am

Fascinating post. Looking forward to reading about the Antarctic during the sweltering summer.

16 Sam April 23, 2012 at 11:07 am

Fantastic post! Reading about these polar adventures is not only inspiring, but also gives interesting insight into the British and Norwegian cultures at the time.

One of my favorite books is “The Worst Journey in the World” by Cherry-Garrard, one of the survivors of the Scott expedition. It doesn’t focus so much on the race, but more on how the human body and mind react to such harsh conditions.

17 Robert Cox April 23, 2012 at 1:41 pm
18 Joseph Lalonde April 23, 2012 at 3:12 pm

Great post! I first heard about this race when Jim Collins talked about it at a conference. It amazed me so much I wrote a blog post about it – http://www.jmlalonde.com/the-20-mile-march/

19 Magnate Frank April 23, 2012 at 4:51 pm

Grt post. I love it. There is something in adventure that reveals a man to himself.
You guys should try climbing Mt. Kenya

20 Avelino April 23, 2012 at 7:54 pm

This was a delightful read. I acknowledge this post to be fascinating and inspiring.

21 Steve Cianca April 23, 2012 at 9:22 pm

Great post. I remember when I was a young man in my 20′s, watching a PBS series based on the book , “The Last Place on Earth.” I don’t remember how many weeks it was, but I made sure I watched every episode (no DVRs in the 1980′s). It was absolutely gripping. I then read the book. It remains in my library to this day. Perhaps from today’s perspective it seems like overkill, but at the time, Scott was considered the tragic hero, who status as hero was all the more enhanced by the fact that he and his men didn’t survive, while Amundsen’s achievement was downplayed because his success somehow seemed “too easy.” Huntford’s book was an attempt to restore some balance.

In any case, as your post makes very clear, the race to the South Pole is a fascinating story and a great example of manhood at its finest.

22 michael moebes April 23, 2012 at 9:57 pm

Sewing IS manly. That’s why several dudes have taken my wife’s ecourses!
See? http://whipstitchfabrics.com/blog/

23 Daryl J. Yearwood April 23, 2012 at 11:10 pm

“Focus on one task at a time” is great advice in today’s world of multi-tasking. Too many people try to accomplish everything at once, and nothing gets done. I prefer to focus on one writing project until it is finished, and I am rare among my writer friends–I get things finished and published.
Another great article!

24 Kyle April 23, 2012 at 11:38 pm

I read, “Endurance Shackletons Voyage” a couple months ago and it changed my life! Ernest Shackleton was a leader that we all could learn something from. If this interests you read the book, its great.

25 Gareth April 24, 2012 at 12:57 am

A fascinating article, full of insight and good advice. Thanks.

26 James April 24, 2012 at 10:27 am

In a world where so many of our accomplishments are abstract and non-tangible, I can’t imagine what it must have been like to participate in this race – on either side. Incredible story, inspiring men.

27 Chase Christy April 24, 2012 at 11:55 am

Loved the article! Wrote a response on my blog, Lead Yo Fam. Here’s the link:
http://leadyofam.blogspot.com/2012/04/desert-week-re-what-race-to-south-pole.html

28 NorgeNorway April 24, 2012 at 2:52 pm

this guy is such a duche, we Norwegians had a longer trip, we were vikings and moste of us live in an enviroment similar to the southpole, while the british are living on a rock, and the people there freeze to death if the temperature under 2 celsius.
norwegians are always surrounded by mountains covered with snow wich we just climb with skis or our strenght. the british isnt even close to any of this.

now that being said, i love british people and respect them with all of my heart and i want to thank them for saving my people and helping us during the war, they are one of the best nations in the world. curage, strenght and morall these are the thing that describe the britts

29 Depressed Mormon Mommy April 25, 2012 at 2:44 am

Stellar Post! Especially loved the Manly Sewing pitch, pointed that one out to the DH. I think the strongest argument that can be made for comparison between the 2 men is the idea that Simple is better. And simple doesn’t mean doing less work, it means Working Smarter instead of Working Harder.

30 Mr. X April 25, 2012 at 5:26 am

Brilliant article. There is a lesson in this for us all.

31 Jonny April 25, 2012 at 6:13 am

Yet another fascinating article that I read from first word to last – a rarity in this mass media age.

A very sincere thank you from London, England for everything you are doing here for men and manliness everywhere.

32 Tony April 25, 2012 at 12:23 pm

Great post! Learned a lot about a subject I knew next to nothing about. I will have to check out those books.

33 S. Eric Wachtel April 27, 2012 at 10:13 am

Congratulations on your superb article! As a writer who relies heavily on historical research, I thoroughly enjoyed how you supported your thesis with in-depth comparisons and photographs of these two great Antarctic explorers. Have you considered turning it into a book?

34 Jesse Lahey April 28, 2012 at 8:12 pm

This is a great article! A few weeks ago, we discussed three of these lessons on Man Cave Radio episode 15, “Getting Lucky — Lessons from the South Pole”: http://www.mancaveradio.com/mcr-015-getting-lucky-lessons-from-the-south-pole/

I’ll post a link in our notes for that show to your article here, since it’s so comprehensive. Great job!

35 Kerfin April 30, 2012 at 12:45 am

I think I’ll be swinging by my library tomorrow to look up books on these guys and also arctic exploration. Great article!

36 CS May 4, 2012 at 4:36 pm

I have recently visited the Scott Polar Musuem in Cambridge, UK, and regardless of the mistakes made by the expedition, two things caught my eye.

First, Scott recorded in his diary that he made a conscious decision to continue with his scientific goals after learning of Amundsen’s expedition, even if it meant losing the race to the pole.

The second was a quote from his last letter to his wife, written a few days before he died:

“How much better it has been than lounging in comfort at home”

37 Cathal Dodd May 5, 2012 at 4:14 pm

@Jarie Bolander

What about Tom Crean?

38 bMac May 8, 2012 at 1:07 pm

For another great adventure in Arctic exploration, read Wayne Johnston’s The Navigator of New York, his fictionalized account of the race between Dr. Frederick Cook and Robert Peary to see who gets to the North Pole first.

39 Armelle October 3, 2013 at 4:27 am

Thank you for this account, it is fascinating and really well-made!

40 David V October 8, 2013 at 11:54 am

Thank you for writing this eloquent article, Brett. i appreciate your efforts at keeping it as balanced as possible with such polarizing (no pun intended) subjects as Scott and Amundsen. I actually played Capt. Oates in a local production of Terra Nova, which clearly is focused on celebrating the nobility of the British team. Amundsen is singularly depicted as brutish and antagonistic, although only in the form of a figment of Scott’s imagination. The biggest culprit given in the play for what doomed the expidition is Evans’ injury to his hand which became infected. Evans was the biggest and strongest member of the team, and with him incapacitated, the other members had to work that much harder pulling the gear and Evans himself when he could no longer walk. That is given as the strongest reason why Oates sacrificed himself, which he felt Evans should have done as well. Oates is the most prgmatic member of the team, but the play portrays this as closer to cold-hearted villainy in contrast with the gentle nobility portrayed in Scott. Even in their efforts, though, given the facts of what happened in rality, it still proves that Scott failed at putting the lives of his men first. They could have, and should have turned back when Evans’ injury was discovered, but instead they kept trudging for the pole. Through numerous trials, Scott stayed on his original plan no matter how much evidence proved they needed to change. That is a model of doomed leadership.

Also, just to respond to the earlier comment that Scott’s team were all gentlemen, that actually isn’t true at all. Doctor Edwards was the only civilian in the group. Everybody else were military veterans with plenty of active duty experience in war, not necessarily in freezing conditions, but not siting around in parlors all day either. Some did come from wealth originally, but not all. Taff Evans was a seargent, not an officer, and did not come from wealth. Oates was from a wealthy family, but by most accounts, he eschewed the genteel life for a preference of the life of active military service.

Anyway, thanks again for this wonderful post. Reading about the Scott expidition is always fascinating to me, and you do it justice.

41 Sereyvorn December 1, 2013 at 3:01 am

Great article! It’s very in-depth and shares the hardships on these guys.

42 Margaret February 7, 2014 at 1:16 pm

I belong to a community group of Toastmasters–we give speeches and improve our speaking abilities–This expedition of Edmundsen and Scott will be my next speech–it is full of many lessons we all need to think about. Margaret

43 trevor April 8, 2014 at 5:20 am

Great post. Didn’t mention Amundsen’s ‘false start’ where he set off in September and had to scuttle back again. He could have lost men then, and he left his team trailing in the dash for Framheim. Not a good example of leadership.

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