in: Featured, Outdoor/Survival, Skills

• Last updated: June 1, 2021

How to Tie a Military-Style Shemagh/Keffiyeh

Man tying military-style scarf shemagh keffiyeh.

Editor’s note: This is a guest post from Creek Stewart of Willow Haven Outdoor.

The shemagh (pronounced “schmog”) – also called a keffiyeh and ghutrah – originated in the Middle East. They are a scarf-type wrap commonly found in arid regions to provide protection from direct sun exposure, as well to protect the mouth and eyes from blown dust and sand. It’s similar to a bandana, except much larger – approximately 42″ x 42″. It has been adopted by military forces all over the world as a standard issue garment because of its sheer functionality.

For decades, keffiyeh have been issued to British soldiers. The garment’s use by some military and police units of the former British Empire dates back to before World War II. Because of its utility, it was soon adopted by Middle Eastern units as well, including the Palestine Police Force, the Transjordan Frontier Force, the Arab Legion, and many others. They were worn while operating in North Africa as a way to combat the harsh winds and frequent sandstorms. After the war the shemagh continued to be used in both desert and temperate environments. The garment has also been in use with Australian armed forces since the Vietnam War, and extensively during the Iraq and Afghanistan wars. Since the beginning of the “War on Terror,” these keffiyeh have been adopted by US troops as well, who usually use cotton olive or khaki ones with black stitching. They are often worn folded in half into a triangle and wrapped around the face, sometimes coupled with goggles to keep sand out. This style is also commonly practiced by troops in vehicles who use it in more temperate climates to combat the wind chill of being in a moving vehicle.

For an outdoorsman, survivalist, or bushcrafter, the shemagh can be a tool with literally hundreds of uses. This post is simply a quick tutorial in how to tie a shemagh as a face mask and/or head wrap. This is a very functional use in all kinds of environments. As you can see, with the right pattern, it can work as some effective camo as well. Using it as shown below is great for dusty/sandy environments. I went on a trip to the Sand Dunes in Michigan not too long ago and my shemagh was invaluable! I’ve also used it countless times in the winter for face and head protection.

I’m sure there are other ways to tie this as a face mask, but below is the way I do it. There is also a video at the bottom.

Man holding green scarf in his hands.

Step 1: Start with it open in a full square.

Man fold scarf into triangle.

Step 2: Fold it in half to form a triangle.

Man wearing triangle scarf over his head.

Step 3: Choose a point three-quarters the way along the folded edge and hold it to your forehead like you are going to tie it bandana style.

Man put scarf over his head one side long other short.

Step 4: As you can see, one side will be short and one side will be long.

Man take the shorter end and pull in under his chin and up toward the back of his head

Step 5: Take the shorter end and pull in under your chin and up toward the back of your head.

Side view of man wearing scarf.

Side view of Step 5.

Man tie a military-style scarf Shemagh Keffiyeh.

Step 6: Take the longer side and pull it across your face.

Side view of man tie a military-style scarf Shemagh Keffiyeh.

Step 7: Then wrap it up over your head toward the other end on the opposite side.

Man tie a military-style scarf Shemagh Keffiyeh.

Step 8: Tie the two ends together using two overhand knots.

Man wearing military-style scarf Shemagh Keffiyeh.

Step 9: Adjust as necessary.

This green/black pattern makes for awesome camo. I also own a tan/white color scheme that makes for perfect winter camo as well.

How-to Video


Creek Stewart is a Senior Instructor at the Willow Haven Outdoor School for Survival, Preparedness & Bushcraft. Creek’s passion is teaching, sharing, and preserving outdoor living and survival skills. Creek is also the author of the book Build the Perfect Bug Out Bag: Your 72-Hour Disaster Survival Kit. For more information, visit Willow Haven Outdoor.

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